February 27, 2021 - Patrick Kerwood
In this post I will show you how to create subinterfaces on your CentOS server. It's easy and only takes a couple of minutes to setup, after that just trunk your VLAN's with 802.1q to the server.
I used CentOS 8 Stream as my OS, but any RHEL/CentOS related distribution will probably work just the same. I'll create two subinterfaces for VLAN 10 and 20. One will be with DHCP enabled and the other will be with a static IP configuration.
First we must enable the
8021q kernel module. Below command will temporary enable the module until next reboot.
Verify that the module loaded.
lsmod | grep 8021q
Run below command to make the operating system load
8021q on boot.
echo 8021q >> /etc/modules
Get the name of your network interface, mine is
eno1 which I'll be using in this example. Locate the network configuration for the interface, located at
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts. The configuration file name would be
Delete everything in that file, we dont need that, and replace it with below config. Remeber to replace
eno1 with your own interface name.
TYPE=Ethernet DEVICE=eno1 ONBOOT=yes BOOTPROTO=none NAME=eno1
Configure the subinterface for VLAN 10. Create a new file called
ifcfg-eno1.10 and paste in the below config, this will setup the subinterface with DHCP. The last line,
DEFROUTE=yes, tells the operating system to use this interface as your default route.
DEVICE=eno1.10 BOOTPROTO=dhcp ONBOOT=yes VLAN=yes DEFROUTE=yes
Configure the subinterface for VLAN 20. Create a new file called
ifcfg-eno1.20 and paste in the below config. This will setup the subinterface with a static IP configuration.
DEVICE=eno1.20 BOOTPROTO=none ONBOOT=yes IPADDR=10.0.0.2 PREFIX=24 GATEWAY=10.0.0.1 DNS1=126.96.36.199 DNS2=188.8.131.52 VLAN=yes
Restart Network Manager to enable the interfaces.
systemctl restart NetworkManager